A discipline recognized by the FEI in 1983, Vaulting combines static and dynamic elements of gymnastics, executed on a cantering horse.
Vaulting requires outstanding physical condition from the vaulter and a harmonious relationship with the horse. A lunger guides the horse on a long rein and maintains a steady canter in a circle of a minimum diameter of 15 m. This discipline highlights strength, coordination, rhythm, suppleness and balance.
Vaulting marries gymnastics, dance and equitation: exercises include artistic mounts and dismounts, handstands and shoulder stands on the horse, carrying or lifting another vaulter, kneeling and standing exercises.
Competitions consist of two rounds with of one or two tests: Compulsory test where the vaulter must execute a number of specific exercises, and Freestyle test performed to music giving the vaulter artistic freedom to build both static and dynamic exercises around compulsory ones.
Both men and women, competing together as a team or separately as individuals, practice Vaulting. A couple consist of two vaulters of opposing sex, while a team consist of six vaulters (not including the lunger).